Find free environment and climate data.

Find free environment and climate data.

Ecology and the environment are increasingly at the heart of public debate. Many warning signs alarm scientists about ecosystem changes. It is in a climate of falling biodiversity and soil scarcity that the subject of ecology becomes a serious topic.

As a major field of study, all the data made available are as many weapons on which engineers, scientists and mathematicians can rely. In this topic, we will list several online Open Data that offer datasets on ecology. These are only databases free of rights and use. So you can retrieve them for your research.

We can add elements to the list at any time, do not hesitate to send us your other sources if you wish. Only one rule, they must be free to access.

1 – NYC Open Data

Area: USA

Access: Free

Examples: Air quality, Map of the rise of the oceans, Waste recycling rate…

The City of New York City, with the help of several agencies, is collecting data on urban living conditions. On this free access site, there is a classification of data by category. One of them gathers the data concerning the measures for the environment. It is a good basis for the study of the actions of Western metropolises regarding the environmental crisis.

Website: NYC Open Data

2 – Data Europa

Area: Europe

Access: Free

Examples: Growth index of organic crops, Biological products of animal origin, Potential vegetation…

The Data Europa platform plays a hub role by bringing together data on the different countries of the European Union. The data posted on this platform can be in English, but also in the language of the countries of origin. The studies proposed often address local cases, to be related to the country of origin and its culture.

Website: Data Europa

3 – Data Gov UK

Area: UK

Access: Free

Examples: Public opinion on forestry, Carbon emissions from companies, Carbon emissions from transport… 

This English government platform offers a variety of data on the environment and ecology. Please note that some data is not very recent (2013 minimum). The site nevertheless remains an interesting source for dealing with impacts on the environment and on the subject of CO2 emissions.

Website: Data Gov UK

4 – Data Gouv Fr

Area: France

Access: Free

Examples: Waste collection performance, greenhouse gases by territory, Evolution of hedges…

Same observation as for the English government site, the data sets made available are of high quality. There are more specific subjects such as the daily concentration of atmospheric pollutants. For specific searches, the site offers many varied sources.

Website: Data Gouv Fr

5 – Ouvert Canada

Area: Canada

Access: Free

Examples: Land management, Natural resources, by nationality…

On the other side of the Atlantic, Canada also makes available datasets about its country and its forested lands. The data is often in English but some is also in French. Several databases have been tracked for several years, which can be useful for the analysis of environmental changes over ranges of 30 to 50 years.

Website: Ouvert Canada

6 – Data Gov

Area: USA

Access: Free

Examples: Ecological reserves, Ecological resilience, Vegetation mapping…

US Government Data provides context-free access to the largest database of its kind. By simply searching for Ecology, more than 11,000 available iterations appear, ranging from the resilience of natural spaces to industrial processes. A source to keep for your climate research.

Website: Data Gov

7 – Data SF

Area: USA

Access: Free

Examples: Plant Finder data, monthly consumption from the airport, water quality from the beach…

The database of the city of San Francisco will complete your research on the environmental cause by offering data on major American cities. There are few data referring to ecology. However, the topics covered are rarely presented elsewhere. In addition, the databases are fairly regularly updated.

Website: Data SF

8 – Paris Data

Area: France

Access: Free

Examples: Green spaces and similar, Rain zoning, Household waste…

The city of Paris regularly publishes data under Odbl license for individuals and companies wishing to analyze data about the French capital. The section dedicated to the environment focuses mainly on metropolitan data, dealing with green spaces, waste management and air pollution.

Website: Paris Data

9 – donneespubliques meteofrance 

Area: France

Access: Free

Examples: Monthly climate, soil humidity index, wave model…

The Météo France site, as a public service, provides data sets concerning its area of expertise: meteorology. Its status has enabled it to group together long-dated archived information, which is very useful for data scientists. The data is popularized in order to facilitate the work of data professionals who do not have the meteorological background of experts.

Website: donneespubliques meteofrance

10 – Open Data AWS

Area: Worldwide

Access: Free

Examples: Sea surface temperature, Open energy data, Climate data…

Amazon AWS resources are very rich. The platform offers self-service online data that can be used on products designed by AWS for data scientists. There is therefore a huge amount of data available on climate, biodiversity and the environment. Obviously, you do not specifically need to use the AWS service for the use of this data.

Website: Open Data AWS

11 – Kaggle

Area: Worldwide

Access: Free

Examples: waste recycling, environmental impact of food, data on the Earth’s surface temperature…

The Kaggle platform is one of the largest open access database collections on the internet. Very popular in machine learning, it offers very useful data for supervised learning and image recognition AI. Since the addition of data is free, you will find several sources on the platform and as many topics covered.

Website: Kaggle

12 – Nos données

Area: France

Access: Free

Examples: City bikes, renewable electricity production, CO2 emissions…

NosDonnées.fr lists information from different collaborators on various topics. The platform is smaller than others in the list (currently 307 databases). However, it is an interesting source since it allows searching by data format (CSV, XML, etc.).

Website: Nos données

13 – DataSearch Google

Area: Worldwide

Access: Free

Examples: Environmental impact of the company, Environmental impact of food, eco-industry sector…

Google’s Datasearch section is not strictly speaking an Open Data source. It is rather a search engine that will redirect you to different platforms offering datasets. Therefore, DataSearch is an invaluable ally if you are looking for very specific data on ecology.

Website: DataSearch Google

14 – Statista

Area: Worldwide

Access: Free

Examples: Publication of ecological books, Top carbon impact commercial enterprise, public opinion on nature…

Statista is one of the largest data collection platforms for businesses. Its website provides free access to some of them. Nevertheless, a significant part of the catalog is chargeable. It would have been a shame not to add it anyway. Statista offers good data in open access even if it is less numerous.

Website: Statista

15 – National Oceanic and Weather Service

Area: USA

Access: Free

Examples: Air quality, bad weather, monthly temperature…

For data on climate, weather and other natural disasters, the National Oceanic and Weather Service provides access to observed readings at several sites in the United States. The statements are monthly for the most followed and the others are very often kept up to date.

Website: National Oceanic and Weather Service

16 – Epa Gov

Area: USA

Access: Free

Examples: Sustainable energy, drinking water quality, hazardous waste…

EPA is an American government association whose objective is to protect the health of the population and its environment. Therefore, many open-access statements are available on their site. It includes the key themes of ecology and environmental preservation.

Website: Epa Gov

17 – Eurostat

Area: Europe

Access: Free

Examples: Waste, Chemicals, Biodiversity…

The Eurostat database brings together data sets from different European countries on subjects essential to the preservation of the continent. A section is dedicated to the environment, biodiversity and energies. Its structure in the form of a folder greatly facilitates the recovery of data.

Website: Eurostat

18 – UK Data Service

Area: UK

Access: Free

Examples: Research on energy demand, animal health risks, carbon energy agencies…

Britain’s Data Service calls itself the largest database on the island. His favorite themes are the economy, the social and demography. However, a section has been created on environment and climate. Still a little light, she will surely increase her collection as she goes along.

Website: UK data service

19 – Gap Minder

Area: Worldwide

Access: Free

Examples: Global warming, Plastic in the ocean, Endangered species…

Gap Minder is originally a website intended to raise awareness of the issues on difficult topics such as poverty, sexism, suicides… Their goal is to show the prejudices that the Internet user may have on these subjects. Regarding our use, Gap minder also offers themes on ecology and the environment. In addition, their data is freely accessible in the Data section of the site.

Website: Gap Minder

20 – Datahub IO

Area: Worldwide

Access: Free

Examples: Global temperature, CO2 emission, ocean temperature…

Datahub, like any good Open Data platform, offers data sets on several themes. Its little plus, being that it processes its data with a global vision. For the subject of the environment, it is very relevant.

Website: Datahub IO

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Maxime Macé

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